Time Line of Canadian History

7th grade has spent the last semester studying Canadian History.  They were asked to list events that they thought should be listed on a timeline.  Then they each listed 5 topics of interest to them.  Each student was then assigned a topic to research.  The are required to write a 3-5 paragraph essay on their topic and post it in order on this blog.  Each student must also have a minium of 3 pictures to share with their post. 

Comments

              Separatist

  Separatist were a great trouble when canada was in the early stages. Of becoming a Country. It was a big trouble they wanted to separate Quebec from Canada.

 

Separatist are people who want to separate something or someone. They greatly want to separate something. Like they did with Quebec. Because they kept telling the people things. Like they should separate and become independant. And they finally agreed and they voted but they voted to still stay with Canada and not be independant.

 

 After 1763 most of the wealthy french settlers returned to france. Most of what remained were people that were poor French farmers. They survived very well till the Quebec act. The Quebec act gave confidence and rights. This act gave them rights to be able to keep speaking French. Practice Roman catholicism and keep there customers. Back then it was rare to be granted such freedom because they were ruled by the government.

 

The British North American Act. Was basicly when colonies from North America,Nova Scotia,New Brunswick, and Canada. Became one under Canada.

It acted as canada's constitution until 1982. After that is was named again as The Constitution Act. They are still a problem because they want to force. People to separate something,someone, or a country.

 

http://www.britannica.com/event/British-North-America-Act

http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/


 

                    

 

kpriebe's picture

The result of the Second World War fundamentally changed Canada and its economy started expanding. There are many reasons for this change of World War It also made a big impact on the development of Canada. \

 


After greatly contributing to the war, especially in the Battle of the Atlantic canada ended up having the biggest navle force. Since Canada had done so well in the war (already their second world war as a country) Canada started to grow further and further apart from Mother Britain. There was a feeling a greater sense of pride and a more nationalistic notion.

 

    Because of Canada’s boost in the industrial economy and its status in World War II, job options were abundant. By 1942 there was a full employment as hundreds and thousands of Canadian men and women found work in war industries.

 

 

 


Wesights used.http://www.123helpme.com/impact-of-world-war-on-canada-view.asp?id=151770…….https://www.mta.ca/library/courage/canadasroleinwwii.html
and my txt book

                                            

              Women Suffrage

The women's suffrage movement in Canada began in the year 1878. Their leader  was Dr. Emily Howard Stowe. She was one of the  founder of Dominion Women's Enfranchisement Association and its first president. The Dominion Women's Enfranchisement Association was founded in 1889 which was caused by the meeting of the  Toronto Women's Literary and Social Progress Club in the city council chamber in 1883.

Nellie Mcclung played a very important role in the women’s suffrage movement.  Mcclung was a suffragist, reformer, legislator, and author. She is best known for her involvement in the Person’s Case. In Manitoba she became important in the Women’s Christian Temperance Union. The Winnipeg women's Rights movement welcomed Nellie as a speaker who won audiences with humorous arguments. She played a leading role in the 1914 Liberal campaign against Sir Rodmond Roblin’s government, and refused women suffrage.

Emily Stowe was a physician and a long life champion of women’s rights. She was born on May 1, 1831. Her husband had an illness that inspired her to follow her career in medicine. No one would accept her in Canadian colleges so she applied at the New York Medical College for Women. She graduated in 1887 and was the first women to practice medicine in Canada. In 1876 she founded the Toronto Women's Literary Club Canada's first suffrage group. She was the principal founder and the first president of the Dominion Women's Enfranchisement Association.

Public  debate in Ontario began among members of the Toronto Women's literary club. Dr.Emily Stowe and her daughter Dr. Augusta Stowe-Gullen Ontario's suffrage campaign  for 40 years. 1883 they changed it to Toronto Women’s Suffrage Association and in 1889 it changed to the Dominion Women's Enfranchisement Association.

     After many years of struggles and debates. The women of Canada finally got their rights to vote, get better jobs, and more freedom. Now women have jobs like teachers, soldiers, doctors, nurses, politics and many more jobs.    http://faculty.marianopolis.edu/c.belanger/QuebecHistory/encyclopedia/Canada-WomensVote-WomenSuffrage.htm

http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/womens-suffrage/

Social Studies Textbook                 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                

                                                                                                                                         

                                                                                                                                

                  Transcontinental Railroad   

I will be talking about the Transcontinental Railroad and the many trial and errors

in the process of making the railroad. It was not any easy task to make the railroad but it was definitely worth it because it played a huge role in populating the the western half of Canada.

 

The Canadian government contacted the Canadian Pacific Railway company to

construct a canadian railroad to the West. The Canadian Pacific Railway was in incorporated in 1881, its purpose was to construct the railroad, a promise the British Columbia upon its entry the the confederation. Over its long history the Canadian Pacific Railway established hotel, shipping lines, airlines and developed mining and telecommunications industries. However in 2001 the company separated into five separate companies.


 

Construction took five years but they still finished six years ahead of schedule. In

the next five years they laid down 4,600 kilometers of track. Under the management of W.C Van Horne construction was rapidly pressed across the plains. Stanford Fleming had suggested a route through Yellowhead Pass but a more southerly route was decided. Construction through the Rock and Muskeg of the Canadian Shield almost doubled the difficulty in the engineering aspects of construction through the mountains.


 

In order to get this major task done they had to hire 15,000 workers to do the

grueling work. Most of these workers were immigrants who came from China. The Chinese workers worked for $1.00 a day and still had to buy food and camping and cooking supplies. Whereas the white workers were paid $1.50-$2.50 per day and did not have to pay for food or supplies. Chinese workers were also given the hardest work to do. They had no medical care so they used herbal cures to help when they got sick. They usually slept in camps, tents or boxcars. They could not afford fresh fruit so many of them suffered from scurvy. Overall about 600 workers died in creating this piece of Canadian history.




 

Overall the Railroad was a dangerous and risky undertaking but it played crucial

parts in developing the nation. It really changed the nation forever in good and bad ways but overall the railroad provided a lot of things for a lot of people during that time and it still remains a crucial part of the way Canadians get around today.  


 

   http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/canadian-pacific-railway/

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/canadas-transcontinental-railway-completed

Social Studies Textbook

British North American Act

In 1867, the English government enacted the British North American Act, which united the provinces of Lower and Upper Canada as well as New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. All together they joined into one Dominion, a self-governing country under British rule, under the name of Canada. Changes happened slowly leading up to this act becoming law on July 1, 1867.

Prior to the British North American Act, the United Kingdom still had control over Canada and the other provinces. The reason why the United Kingdom passed this act is because rebellions had occurred in Lower Canada, led by Louis Papineau, and in Upper Canada led by William Lyon Mackenzie. Louis Papineau rebelled in 1837 because the French Canadians were not being treated as equals to the British Canadians. Papineau wanted Lower Canada to become a country and have a government like the United States of America. After Papineau led a rebellion in Montreal, the British government put the rebellion down and Papineau fled into the United States. At the same time William Lyon Mackenzie led a rebellion in Toronto, but that was also defeated by the British Government.

After the rebellions, the British sent the Earl of Durham to Canada to learn the reasons for the uprisings. One reason he discovered was that the French Canadians valued their own culture and religion and wanted to preserve it. Afterwards, he wrote a report to the British government, which suggested uniting Upper and Lower Canada as the Province of Canada and also giving all of the provinces greater control over their governments. After the Earl of Durham the province leaders met in Quebec City and formed a confederation that suggested to again unite the provinces which also led to the Act. The British North American Act improved life in Upper and Lower Canada because they now were united as one province. French Canadians had more freedom than they had before the British North American Act. They could now enjoy practicing their religion and speaking French freely.

Canada continued to grow more independent after WWI due to industrialization created by Provinces joining Canada until Canada came fully independent from Britain.


 


 


 

Images The Earl of Durham


 


 


 


 


 


 


 

Map of Canada 1849


 


 


 


 


 


 

William Lyon Mackenzie


 


 


 


 


 


 

Louis Papineau


 


 

To Canadians,  Ice Hockey is more than just a game! People all over Canada and North America play hockey. There is a national league and people play it just for fun in the winter. Since the 1800’s, hockey has been played and loved. It is a game that consists of a puck, stick, ice,net, and protective gear. Like all games, it has origins, influences, and dangers that people don’t really consider.

Hockey is a strong part of Candian culture it was invented in the 1800’s. It is debateable whether it was invented in Windsor, Nova Scotia, Kingston, Ontario, Montreal or Quebec. Recently more accurate evidence shows that sailors were stranded in Canada in an expedition to discover the Northwest Passage. They were bored to death and used ball like-items and their guns while they skated across the lake and tried to get the ball in the players’ boundary lines. J.G.A Creighton brought the sport out in the more common world in 1875.

Hockey is fun and exciting, but because players are hitting their opponent's stick, injuries are likely to occur. Each player wears a helmet, mask, and paddings. (Guards have more gear and a special stick) Even though players wear gear, they might get injuries like concussions, when player gets “knocked out” or loses conscience,or a shoulder  injury. The most common way the shoulder is injured is when the shoulder is separated.  A nother common injury is a broken collarbone. Players are at risk for low-back injuries due to the flexed forward position of skating and the frequent hyperextension or backward stress. Hip Injuries occur when the  hip joint and groin muscles  get pulled because of the way strides are taken, Elbow Injuries. The elbow is a frequent area of contact, which can result in the development of bursitis. Knee Injuries occur when the  leg is  strained because of the position the skater is in, and wrist Injuries occur when a player falls  on the arm or comes in contact with the boards which forces the wrist up or down that may cause a fracture.

With all the ups and downs, Canadians are proud of the sport and have been and will continue to pass the tradition to  the coming generations. Without J.G.A Creighton, the sport would never have been turned into a professional game, and without the search for the North West Passage, the bored stranded soldiers would not have been able to create the sport. Just remember, Ice Hockey In Canada is more than just a game!

 

A special thanks to:

 

http://www.stopsportsinjuries.org/hockey-injury-prevention.aspx

http://www.birthplaceofhockey.com/origin/overview/

http://www.paulwmartin.ca/courses/hockey-and-canadian-literature/hockey-and-canadian-culture

my text book also gave me information.

 

 

 

hcarrillo2's picture

1774, The British in Canada made the Quebec Act

 

The Quebec Act is a British rule where the French are able

able to keep their religion, language, and other culture. It is the result of the French and Indian War. They made this rule because they were concerns from the French settlers

Having the French keep their customs, some of them are still here in Canada today because of the Quebec Act. The Quebec Act even helped with past problems with the French and British.

With this Quebec Act, the Canadians kept their long lasting culture. In some way, the Quebec Act became a legacy and for having Canada becoming one nation. This Quebec Act having an important part in Canada's history.

The Conclusion of this is that the Candians today keeping their customs. Image result for quebec act canadaImage result for quebec act canadaImage result for quebec act canada

 


 

 

 The rebellions of Upper and Lower Canada happened in 1837. Louis Papineau led the rebellion in Lower Canada. The rebellion in Upper Canada was led by William Lyon Mackenzie. The rebellion were caused because they weren’t happy with the control over the province and the government. The rebellions caused the British government to send the Earl of Durham to see what was causing them.

   The rebellion in Lower Canada was caused because the French Canadians felt the government wasn’t responsible. Many rebels united in the streets of Montreal and demanded to take over the government. British troops were trying to control the crowds but were stoned by the crowd. The day after they demanded to have their own freedom. After the rebellion Louis Paineau escaped to the United States.

  .  William Lyon Mackenzie led the rebellion in Upper Canada. He was a Scottish immigrant. He criticized the men who ruled the province. He was elected to the Assembly of Upper Canada.  He wanted change,but this caused the governor to remove him from his position. Every time people elected him the British would remove him. They went to Toronto but the rebellion was not well organized so it was put down. He also went to the United States.   

 The Earl of Durham was sent by the British government to see what was causing the rebellions. He spent 5 months in Canada. His report recommended that they give them more power over their province and government. He said that they should be united as one. The British government did not listen to his report right away. Years later Upper Canada and Lower Canada united.The British North America Act made Canada independant. They were united as a dominion. It united Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Canada.  


 

http://biography.yourdictionary.com/1st-earl-of-durham

http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/constitution-act-1867/

http://www.pc.gc.ca/eng/lhn-nhs/qc/manoirpapineau/natcul/natcul2.aspx

http://heritagetoronto.org/the-private-life-of-a-very-public-man/

http://www.mysteriesofcanada.com/canada/british-north-america-act/  

 The fur trade            
Indian and French fur trade. The trade started in the 1500's. The French were fisherman who arrived in Eastern Canada what is called to day. By the 1800's everybody started to trade. The fur trade was one of the earliest and most important industries in North America.

   The voyageurs they were French Canadians in who engaged in the transporting of furs by canoes during the fur trade years. The Eastern woodland were a Natives they would trade with the French. The natives were trappers they would trap beavers, muskrats, otter, minks, foxes, and other fur animals. They would trade fur animals for copper, kettles, steel, knives, and fishhooks that what the settlers would offer. The British made their own fur trading company is it called the Hudson's Bay company they name the company after Henry Hudson.

The natives would build forts as their homes or tepee if they travel a lot.  Provinces is like a country or a state. In the late 1600s and early 1700s the British French and the fought over land for the fur trading. The French and Indian war, the British had most of the Indians the French had over 60,000 French settler and the British had over 2 million settler. The French were surround so the gave up so the British won.

The French want more form the Indians so the Indian some times have to kill animal leave it there just to trade. It got to a point that the French was asking for to much from the Indian that they wanted to stop trading with the French. The Indian would have some much to eat the had to through away animal. That lead  to the French and Indian war because the Indian didn't want to work with French. The British helped the Indian won the war. That just some of the things that lead to the French and Indians War.

Their is no fur trading today or any trading going on. The United State and Canada was trade just for a little bit in secret but one any more. The fur trade in one of the important things that happen in North America.

www.google Image.com

http://www.pcmaf.org/wordpress/about/local-information/fur-trade/

The Fur Trade | Historic Fort Snelling

Image result for fur tradeImage result for fur trade

 

When the Acadians first arrived in Canada they were mostly men that came exploring and looking to trade, eventually it became a colony of permanent settlers, women and children. Having European women settle was a suggestion that they were seriously contemplating staying in LaHave, Nova Scotia. Later they reestablished at Port Royal, and called it Acadia.

In 1605 Samuel de Champlain moved to Port Royal which was soon to become Acadia, a major town. In 1632 a main group of settlers arrived and ownership of the Acadian colonies was passed back and forth between the French and the British, when the Acadians were under British rule the population decreased but when under French rule the population boosted up again. In the 1680's and 1690's more people began to leave Port Royal and settle in other areas. In 1713 the War of Spanish Succession ended leaving Acadia and Nova Scotia under British rule. By 1730 most Acadians had signed an oath pledging their allegiance to Great Britian, those who refused to pledge their allegiance and wanted to stay loyal were forced onto boats and scattered all around the United States.

The Acadians left behind a legacy, in the 1950's they developed a French education system. Their French education system mainly impacted New Brunswick, the Acadians also tried their best to preserve their culture. Although preserving their culture cost them being recognized as a minority within the Maritime provinces they still wanted to preserve their culture.

 

http://www.cbc.ca/acadian/timeline.html

http://www.acadian-cajun.com/1755ex.htm

http://www.uppercanadahistory.ca/finna/finna6a.html

 

 

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